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Presentation advice

Document preparation

If you are lucky enough to have gained funding you will need to turn your research proposal into a protocol. Guidance and templates for protocol development can be found on the NHS Health Research Authority website. You will also need to develop a number of documents to go with your protocol before you can submit it for ethical approval. All research projects involving NHS patients will have to be approved through the NHS Integrated Research Application System (IRAS). This is also a good source of support and information for what you will need to prepare. For example, you will need to prepare participant information and consent documents. There is a great piece of guidance on how to do this on the MRC web pages, produced by the Health Research Authority

This covers:

  • The principles of consent (both ethical and legal)
  • How the principles relate to preparation and use of a Participant Information Sheet (PIS) and consent form
  • Recommended content of a PIS and consent form
  • Design and style of an effective PIS and consent form

This website also has some templates that you can use.

How to write an abstract

The function of an abstract is to provide a brief, descriptive summary of the article or presentation you are preparing to give. It needs to inform the reader of the contents of the article so that the reader can see in advance the key areas covered and the main points of the argument.

An abstract clearly states the purpose and direction, the main arguments and the conclusions reached. It is a mini version of the paper. If writing an investigative report which includes research findings, then it is usual to include in the abstract the aims or objectives, methods, findings or results, conclusions and implications.

An abstract does not include details or give examples, it is concerned with only the ‘big ideas’ of the essay/report.

Most conferences or journals will have specific instructions for how to present an abstract. Be sure to check these before writing.

How to prepare a poster presentation

Vanderbilt University have developed a set of resources on preparing a poster presentation, which are comprehensive. View them here.

Don’t forget when preparing a poster that it is likely that your host institution will have brand guidance for the way that posters should be produced. At the very least you will need to include logos from all the institutions associated with the work. And don’t forget to include any authors who have contributed to the work, including your supervisors if it is part of your academic study.

How to write a paper for publication

Wiley have written a great guide specifically for nurses thinking about how to get published.

As well as giving specific information on publishing articles on empirical research, clinical articles and evidence synthesis, this gives guidance on issues such as how to start! It also covers impact factors and copyright issues. It is a helpful, straightforward guide.